Earth Jurisprudence - Earth Law

Earth Law Library

True wisdom consists in not departing from Nature and in moulding our conduct according to her laws and model. Seneca, ancient Roman Philosopher

This living library holds some of the materials on Earth Jurisprudence/Earth Law, and interrelated knowledge systems including Laws of Origin, Wild Law, Community Ecological Governance, Gaia Science and Resilience, and Future Generations.

Thank you to all those contributing to the revival and practice of Earth Jurisprudence/Earth Law for sharing your wisdom and work.

Please do contact the Gaia Foundation to recommend additional materials for this Living Library.

Earth Jurisprudence

*Berry, T. The Dream of the Earth, Sierra Club, 1988.

*Berry, T. The Great Work: Our Way into the Future, Three Rivers Press, 2000.

*Berry, T., Evening Thoughts Reflecting on Earth as Sacred Community, (Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, 2006).

Bell, M., Thomas Berry and an Earth Jurisprudence, 2002.

Bell, M., Why we need an Earth Jurisprudence system in the comox valley, a Presentation to the Comox Valley Unitarian Fellowship, February 15, 2009.

Berry, T. The Universe Story, HarperOne, 1994.

Brenan, T., 'Stepping Stones' book review of Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence' in the Ecologist, 15 April 2013.

Burdon, P. 'Wild Law: The philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence' 35/2 Alternative Law Journal (2010).

Burdon, P., (ed) Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence (Wakefield Press, 2011). See book review in the Ecologist.

Cashford, J., Dedication to Thomas Berry, in Peter Burdon (ed) Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence (Wakefield Press, 2011).

Centre for Earth Jurisprudence, Groundswell, Spring 2010 vol 3(1).

Cullinan, C., 'A History of Wild Law' in in Peter Burdon (ed) Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence (Wakefield Press, 2011).

Gaia Foundation and African Biodiversity Network Earth Jurisprudence Leaflet 2014.

Gaia Foundation and CEG Global Alliance, 'Earth Jurisprudence Retreat: Principles and Practice for Community Ecological Governance', Retreat at Schumacher College, 2009

Gaia Foundation, Earth Ethics Series, edited by Stephen Frank, 2007-2009.

Goodwin, B., How the Leopard Changed its Spots: Evolution of Complexity, Pheonix, 1997.

Goodwin, B., Nature's Due: Healing Our Fragmented Culture, Floris Books, 2007.

Greene, H., 'How We Get to an Ecozoic Society: Ecological Imagination/Common Sense', Center for Ecozoic Studies (2007).

Harding S., 'Earthly Rights', The Guardian (London 3 April 2007).

Higgins, P., 'Towards a Garden of Eden' in Peter Burdon (ed) Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence, (Wakefield Press, 2011).

Hosken, L., 'Reflections on an Intercultural Journey into Earth Jurisprudence', in Peter Burdon (ed), Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence, (Wakefield Press, 2011)

Koons, J., 'Earth Jurisprudence: The Future of Law and The Planet', The Young Lawyer (July 2008).

Leopold, A., A Sand County Almanac with Essays on Conservation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Mason, I., 'Earth Jurisprudence', 247 Resurgence, March/April 2008, 26-27.

Mason, I., 'One In All: Principles and Characteristics of Earth Jurisprudence' in in Peter Burdon (ed) Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence (Wakefield Press, 2011).

Munson, M. and Schaab, G. 'The Intrinsic Value of Nature', Resonances: Soundings from Law and Theology, Toward an Earth-Centered Jurisprudence, 2009.

Naess, A., 'The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement', 1/4 Inquiry 16 95 (1973).

Resurgence, 'Earth Democracy and Earth Justice', (214, September/October, 2002).

Shiva, V., Earth Democracy: Justice, Sustainability, and Peace (London: Zed Books Ltd, 2005).

Shiva, V., Earth Democracy Living Democracy, Resurgence Magazine, (No. 222, 2004)

Stone C. D., Should Trees Have Standing? And Other Essays on Law, Morals and the Environment (New York, Oceana Publications, 1996).

Swimme, Brian. The Universe is a Green Dragon: A Cosmic Creation Story, Bear & Company, 1987.

Tucker, M. E., 'Thomas Berry and the New Story: An Introduction to the Work of Thomas Berry', (2009).

Webb, C., 'The Mystique of the Earth: The Vision of Thomas Berry for an Earth Democracy', 59 Caduceus Magazine (April 2003).


Andrew Kimbrell, Nature's Law: Reinventing Environmental Jurisprudence (18 September 2007).

Centre for Earth Jurisprudence and Barry Law Review Symposium, 'Framing An Earth Jurisprudence For a Planet in Peril' (29 February 2008).

Earth Jurisprudence in the African Context, with Ng'ang'a Thiong'o (24 September 2007).

Earth Jurisprudence on Wikipedia.

Gaia Evening on Earth Ethics and Governance featuring Pat Siemen, Ng'ang'a Thiong'o, Jorge Ishizawa, Gurdial Singh Nijar, Carlos Mares and Silvia Gomez, 2 October 2009.

Helen Moore, Earth Justice poem, Henwen Publications, 2012

Helen Moore, Hedge Fund, and Other Living Margins ecopoetry collection, Shearsman Books, 2012

Ian Mason, The Principles of Earth Jurisprudence (24 September 2008).

Short interviews on Earth Jurisprudence, Schumacher College (Featuring Mphatheleni Makaulule, Roger Chennels, Richard Grossman and Mike Bell) (September 2009).

Thomas Berry, Earth is Community, DVD, Conference organised by Gaia Foundation and Green Spirit Books (September 2007).

United Natures, directed by Peter Downey, 1 June 2013 featuring Earth Jurisprudence advocates including Dr Vandana Shiva, Cormac Cullinan, Polly Higgins, Linda Sheehan and Dr Stephan Harding. See here for trailer.

Thomas Berry's 10 Principles of Earth Jurisprudence. See other statements of Earth Law Principles

Laws of Origin / Creation

Almashev, C., 'Cultural Crossroads', 255 Resurgence (July/August 2009).

Berry, T. and Swimme B., The Universe Story: From the Primordial Flaring Forth to the Ecozoic Era - a Celebration of the Unfolding of the Cosmos (San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1994).

Campbell, C., 'Creation Story', 255 Resurgence (July/August 2009).

Campbell,J., Historical Atlas of World Mythology: Vol. 2, The Way of the Seeded Earth (New York: Harper & Row, 1988).

Campbell,J., Historical Atlas of World Mythology: Vol. 1, The Way of the Animal Powers (London: Times Books, 1984).

Campbell,J., The Masks of God: Creative Mythology (New York: Viking Press, 1968).

Campbell,J., The Masks of God: Occidental Mythology (New York: Viking Press, 1964).

Campbell,J., The Masks of God: Oriental Mythology (New York: Viking Press, 1962).

Campbell,J., The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology, (New York: Viking Press, 1959).

Cashford, J., Gaia - From Story of Origin to Universe Story, Gaia Foundation (2011).

Cashford, J., The Moon: Myth and Image, Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003.

Cashford, J., and Baring, A., The Myth of the Goddess: Evolution of an Image, Penguin, 1993.

Gomez, S. and Ortiz, N.,'Laws of Origin', 255 Resurgence (July/August 2009).

Goodwin, B. (2007) Nature's Due: Healing Our Fragmented Culture, Floris Books.

Gunn, A., & Thornton, C., Gaia report on 'Sacred Sites: An Overview' (2007).

Judge Weeramantry, Tread Lightly on the on the Earth: Religion, the Environment and the Human Future (World Future Council, 2009)

Hosken, L., 'Potent Places', 255 Resurgence (July/August 2009).

Lutzenberger, L., 'Closer to the Sky', 255 Resurgence (July/August 2009).

Maldonado, J. M., 'Law of the Mother', 250 Resurgence (September/October 2008).

Narby, J., Cosmic Serpent: DNA and the Origins of Knowledge, Phoenix, 1999.

Reichel-Dolmatoff, G., The Forest within: World-view of the Tukano Amazonian Indians, Themis Books, 1996.

Verschuuren, B., Wild, R., McNeely J. and Oviedo G. (eds.), 'Sacred Natural Sites: Conserving Nature and Culture', Earthscan (2010).


Goodwin, B., Nature's Due: Healing Our Fragmented Culture Gaia Evening podcast

Sacred Voices film 2012

Swimme, B., and Tucker, M., Journey of the Universe film and interview 2014

Saving Sacred Lands: on US Radio show A World of Possibilities. Featuring interviews with Gathuru Mburu, Silvia Gomez, Liz Hosken and Toby McLeod about sacred sites and local communities/guardians of these sites at the International Conference of Ethnobiology in Tofino 2010.

Community Ecological Governance

Bassey, N., Re-Source Democracy (HOMEF, 2014)

Bell, M., 'What We Have Learned From Our Elders', (Toward the Development of the Nunavut Economic Strategy). A Discussion Paper (2003).

Berry, T., 'The Creative Role of Elders in the Human Community', 1/3 Second Journey 1 (2001).

Damtie, M., 'Practicing Wild Law: The Ethiopian Experience', September 2008.

Gaia Foundation and CEG Global Alliance, 'Earth Jurisprudence Retreat: Principles and Practice for Community Ecological Governance', Retreat at Schumacher College, 2009

Hopkins, R., The Transition Town Handbook: From Oil Dependency to Local Resilience (Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2008).

Institute for Culture and Ecology, Gaia Foundation and African Biodiversity Network, Recognising Sacred Natural Sites and Territories in Kenya, 2012

Mahiber, M., 'Communal Forest Ownership: An Option to Address the Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Ethiopia?', Proceeding of a workshop held at Chilimo Forest and Ghion Hotel (25-27 November 2008).

Mugisha, R., Earth Jurisprudence and Food Sovereignty, presentation at NAPE workshop, March 2014

NAPE and the Gaia Foundation, Mining and its Impacts on Water, Food Sovereignty and Sacred Natural Sites and Territories 2014

NEF, The Great Transition: A Tale of How It Turned Out Right (London, 19 October 2009).

Ng'ang'a, Thiong'o, 'Earth Jurisprudence - making the law work for Nature: EJ in an African context', presentation transcript at Schumacher College course, September 2008.

Ng'ang'a, T., Earth Jurisprudence in the African Context, in Peter Burdon (ed) Exploring Wild Law, (Wakefield Press, 2011)

Thuku, K. 'The Sacred Footprint, A Story of the Karima Sacred Forest', 2008.


ABN, CEG Global Alliance and Gaia Foundation, Changing the Ethics of Our Governance Systems From the Ground Up - Experiences from Africa, Asia and the Americas (2 October 2009).

Colin Campbell, African Lore and Climate Resilience (24 April 2009).

Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund, 'Democracy Matters'.

Makaulule, M., interview

NAPE and the Gaia Foundation report launch and Earth Law 2014

Ng'ang'a, T., interview

Sacred Voices film 2012

Sinem Saban, Damien Curtis and Yolngu tribe, 'Our Generation' trailer.

Venda Eco-mapping film

Wild Law

Wild Law is the implementation of Earth Law principles in law.

Cullinan, C., Wild Law: A Manifesto for Earth Justice, (Green Books, Totnes, 2002). The 2nd edition (2011) includes a new preface, postscript and the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth 2010.

Burdon, P. (ed), Exploring Wild Law: The Philosophy of Earth Jurisprudence (Wakefield Press, 2011)

Burdon, P. and Maloney, M., Wild Law - in Practice, (Routledge, 2014)

Boyle, S., 'On Thin Ice', The Guardian, Wednesday November 8, 2006.

Brenan, T., 'Wild Law: Recognising the Rights of Nature', Permaculture, 2011.

Burdon, P., 'The Rights of Nature: Reconsidered', 49 Australian Humanities Review 69 (2010).

Burdon, Peter D. 'Towards an Earth-friendly legal system' June 29, 2009.

Cullinan, C. 'Taking Climate Change Seriously' 20 ELM 2008, 58-63.

Cullinan, C., 'Wild Law and the Challenge of Climate Change', 37 Soundings: A Journal of Politics and Culture 116 (2007).

Cullinan, C. and Oroza, P., 'We Must Support a Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth', The Huffington Post, 29 December 2009.

Davies, B., 'Does it make sense for the law to confer rights on the environment', 23 ELM 2011, 122-127.

Environmental Law & Management (ELM) special issues: 20 ELM 2008, March- April 2007 and 18 ELM 2006.

Ferracioli, C., 'Reassessing Nature's Role in International Environmental Law: A Case for Weak-Ecocentrism', Masters dissertation, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Faculty of Law (2010).

Filgueira, B., and Mason, I. 'Wild Law: Is Earth Jurisprudence a practical philosophy of law?' 21(5) ELM 2009, 260-269.

Filguera, B. and Mason, I., 'Wild Side of the Law', The Guardian 4th May 2009.

Gaia Foundation and UKELA report: 'Wild Law: is there any evidence of Earth Jurisprudence in existing law and practice?'. Download below.

Guth, J., 'Law for the Ecological Age', 9 Vermont Journal Of Environmental Law 431 (2008).

Higgins, P., Eradicating Ecocide: Laws and Governance to Stop the Destruction of the Planet, Shepheard-Walwyn (Publishers) Ltd, 2010. (Winner of the Peoples' Book Prize 2011).

Kimbrell, A., 'Halting the Global Meltdown, can Environmental Law play a role?' 20 ELM 2008, 64-70.

Mason, I. 'Earth, Rights and insects: an holistic approach to environmental law', 19 ELM 2007.

Mason, I. Straws in the wind of legal revolution, The Environmentalist, Issue 83, 7 September 2009.

Munson, M., Legal Expression of Indigenous Peoples' Worldviews: An Analysis of the Proposed Universal Declaration on the Rights of Mother Earth, IUCN Policy Matters 66 (2010).

Presentations from Australian Earth Jurisprudence Conferences 2009, 2010 and 2011.

Rivers, Liz., 'Creative Regulation: How Wild Law Can Rehabilitate Governance and Regulation' (2007) 19 ELM 84-86.

Rivers, L., 'How to be a Wild Lawyer', Environmental Law & Management, issue 18 (2006).

Rivers, L. 'Wild Law Spreads like Wildfire!' Report on first Australian Earth Jurisprudence Conference, 2009

Southern Cross University Law Review's 2011 Special Edition on Earth Jurisprudence.

Strickland, M., 'Fighting for Earth Justice: The First Wild Law Mock Trial', 20 ELM 2008, 76-80.

Stutzin, G., 'Nature's Rights', 210 Resurgence (2002).

Submissions to the United Nations' Rio +20 Summit calling for Earth-centred governance by the Alliance for Future Generations, Earth Law Centre, Global Alliance for Rights of Nature, Wild Law UK, Planetary Boundaries Initiative.


Cormac Cullinan and Richard Moules discuss some of the fundamental principles of the Law of Mother Earth. Hosted by the BBC World Service (12 April 2011).

Thomas Linzey and Mari Margil interview environmental attorney Cormac Cullinan, author of Wild Law, on the radio show Democracy Matters Podcast. Cullinan talks about the Rights of Nature (2 May 2011).

Andrew Kimbrell, Natural Law: An Interview (24 September 2007).

BBC Radio 4 Law in Action. Exploration of the rights of ecosystems.

BBC Radio 4's Unreliable Evidence programme, 27th May 2009. A debate on Wild Law and climate change.

Cormac Cullinan, Wild Law A Manifesto for Earth Justice (14 April 2004).

Costing the Earth- Can Lawyers Save the World. Interviews including Gaia Foundation, Climate 9 and Polly Higgins.

Ecocide mock trial in UK Supreme Court, organised by Polly Higgins and Hamilton Group. See trailer and film.

Ecocide Sentencing, Restorative Justice Event 31st March - featuring the Gaia Foundation as voice of Earth and wider humanity (part 1 of 2)

Nnimmo Bassey, 'Justice for the Earth Community: Defending the Rights of Nature and Holding Corporations to Account', short film at Gaia Foundation, September 2011.

Nnimmo Bassey, 'Justice for the Earth Community: Defending the Rights of Nature and Holding Corporations to Account', podcast, September 2011.

Resonance FM 104.4 - Deep Fried Planet. Interviews including with Climate 9 and Gaia Foundation about climate change, direct action and Earth Jurisprudence.

Trees Have Rights Too. Global social movement for a Universal Declaration on Planetary Rights.

Wild Frontiers. Online community forum set up by Comac Cullinan to share wisdom and experience on Wild Law.

Wild Law Facebook group.

Rights of Nature and Ecocide

Barlow M., Bassey N., Biggs S., Cullinan C., Galleano E, Goldtooth T., Shiva V., Tutu D., The Rights of Nature: The case for a Universal Declaration on the Rights of Mother Earth (2011).

Berry, T. Every Being Has Rights (23rd Annual Schumacher Lecture), 2003

Biggs, S., Welcome to 'frackland': does a river have the right not to be polluted? (Open Democracy, 2014)

Council of Canadians, Fundacion Pachamama and Global Alliance, 'Does Nature Have Rights: Transforming Grassroots Organizing to Protect the People and the Planet' 2010

Polly Higgins, 'Eradicating Ecocide: Laws and Governance To Prevent the Destruction of our Planet' (22 February 2012)


Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature's Ethics Tribunal for the Rights of Nature 2014 - Preliminary court hearings included defence of the Rights of Nature from mining.

Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature film 2014

Natalia Greene, Interviewed at the Bioneers Conference about Ecuador's recognition of the Constitutional Rights of Nature (15 November 2011).

Higgins, P., Interview

Mock Ecocide trial in UK Supreme Court, 2011 and Restorative Justice Process 2012

Sheehan, L., interviews: Sustainability Rights of Nature (2011) and Earth Jujitsu (2013)

Siemen, P., The Rights of Nature, TEDx talk, 2013

Strickland, M., interview: A discussion about Rights of Nature and the Rio Earth Summit 2012 on 'Radio Resonance 104.4fm' (February 2012).

Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth - a short film.

Gaia Science and Resilience

Armitage, D., F.Berkes and N.Doubleday, Adaptive Co-Management: Collaboration, Learning and Multi-Level Governance (UBC Press: Vancouver, 2007).

Carson, R., Silent Spring (Houghton Mifflin, 1962).

Chapin, F.S., Kofinas, G.P. and C.Folke, Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World (Springer: New York, 2009).

Cork, S. (ed.) (on behalf of Australia21) Resilience and Transformation (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne, 2010).

Edwards, C., Resilient Nation, (Demos, 2009).

Goodwin, B., 'Gaian Renaissance', 247 Resurgence 30 (March/April 2008).

Goodwin, B., 'Resilience', 250 Resurgence (September/October 2008).

Gunderson, L.H. and C.S. Holling, Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems (Island Press: Washington, 2002).

Harding, Stephan. Animate Earth: Science, Intuition and Gaia, Green Books, 2009.

Lovelock, J., Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).

Lovelock, J., Gaia: The Practical Science of Planetary Medicine (London, GAIA Books, 1991).

Lovelock, J., The Revenge of Gaia: Why the Earth Is Fighting Back - and How We Can Still Save Humanity (Santa Barbara, CA: Allen Lane 2006).

Macy, J., and Johnstone, C., Active Hope: How to Face the Mess We're in without Going Crazy (New World Library, California, 2012)

Macy, J., and Brown, M., Coming Back to Life: Practices to Reconnect Our Lives, Our World (New Society, 1998)

Meadows, D.H., Thinking in Systems: A Primer (Chelsea Green Publishing, Vermont, 2008).

Norberg, J., Wilson, J., Walker, B., Ostrom, E., 'Diversity and resilience of social-ecological systems', in Norberg, J. & Cummings, G. (eds.) Complexity theory for a sustainable future (Columbia University press: New York, 2008).

Roderick, P., The Feasibility of Environmental Limits Legislation, A discussion paper for WWF-UK, 2001 . Note also the Declaration on Planetary Boundaries.

Sheldrake, R. Dr. A New Relationship with the Living Earth Gaia Evening talk [Earth Ethics - Issue 3, 2007]

Walker, B. and Salt, D., Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World (Island Press, Washington, 2006).

Wheatley, M., and Frieze, D., Using Emergence to Take Social Innovation to Scale (The Berkana Institute, 2006).


Stephan Harding, Animate Earth: Science, Intuition and Gaia (6 December 2006).

Martin Powell, Global Warming poem, 2009

Future Generations

Brand, S., The Clock of the Long Now: Time and Responsibility - The Ideas Behind the World's Slowest Computer, (Basic Books, 2000)

Crompton, T., Common Cause: A Case for Working with our Cultural Values, (WWF, 2010)

Griffith, J., Pip-Pip: A Sideways Look at Time, (Flamingo, 2000)

Ipsos MORI opinion poll on the British public in November 2011, commissioned by the Foundation for Democracy and Sustainable Development and Intergenerational Foundation, found a majority of people placed the needs of future generations of all people living on Earth above future generations of their own family, and over a fifth of people place the needs of future generations of all "plants and animals living on Earth" first.

Roderick P., 'Taking the Long View: UK Governance Options for a Finite Planet' (2010).

The International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School, 'Models for Protecting the Environment for Future Generations', Science and Environmental Health Network (October 2008).

Ward, H., 'Learning from the Hungarian Parliamentary Commissioner for Future Generations' UKELA's Electronic Journal, E-law, (November 2009).


Gaia Evening in collaboration with Alliance for Future Generations, 'Our Legacy, Our Future: UK Governance Options for a Finite Planet', with Peter Roderick, Halina Ward, Dr Janos Zlinszky and Philippe Sands QC, June 2011 - a short film.

Ministry for Future Generations.


Berry, T., 'The University: Its Response to The Ecological Crisis', Paper delivered before the Divinity School and the University Committee on Environment at Harvard University (April 11 1996).

Capra F., 'Landscapes of Learning: Experiencing Ecological Relationships and Community is the Key to Ecoliteracy', Resurgence Magazine 8 (September/October 2004).

Hosken, L., 'The Language of Nature', 247 Resurgence 24 (March-April 2008).

Louv, R., The Nature Principle: Human Restoration and the End of Nature-Deficit Disorder (Algonquin Books, 2012)

Louv, R., Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder (Algonquin Books, 2008)

Macy, J. and Jan North Brown, M., Coming Back to Life: Practices to Reconnect Our Lives, Our World (Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 1998).

Orr, D., 'The Learning Curve: All Education is Environmental Education', 226 Resurgence Magazine(September/October 2004).

Siemen, P. 'Earth Jurisprudence: Nexus of Law and Earth Literacy'. (2009)

Woodland Trust Natural Childhood, report about Nature Deficit Disorder


Centre for Earth Jurisprudence syllabi